09/01 Fri. World War II begins as German troops invade Poland. Italy
09/03 Sun. Great Britain, France, Australia, and New Zealand declare
war on Germany.
09/05 Tue. President issues two Neutrality Proclamations; one according
to Neutrality Act of 1937 which forbids shipment of arms and
munitions to belligerents, the other in accordance with
President orders a Neutrality Patrol by Navy to report and
track any belligerent air, surface, or underwater naval
forces approaching Atlantic coasts of the United States or
the West Indies.
09/06 Wed. Navy begins formation of Neutrality Patrol for Atlantic
Ocean under Commander Atlantic Squadron (Rear Adm. A. W.
09/08 Fri. President proclaims a "limited national emergency" and
orders increase in enlisted strengths of all armed forces;
naval enlisted men from 110,813 to 145,000; Marine Corps
enlisted strength form 18,325 to 25,000; and authorizes
recall to active duty of officers, men, and nurses on retired
lists of Navy and Marine Corps.
Allies announce a long-range blockade of Germany.
09/10 Sun. Canada declares war on Germany.
09/11 Mon. Adm. W. D. Leahy, USN (Ret.), takes office as Governor of
Germany announces counter-blockade of Allies.
09/16 Sat. British Admiralty announces establishment of convoy system
for its merchant shipping; first Halifax-United Kingdom
09/17 Sun. Russian forces invade Poland.
09/21 Thu. President asks for repeal of arms embargo provisions of
Neutrality Act of 1937.
09.27 Wed. Warsaw surrenders unconditionally to Germany and Russia;
Poland ceases to resist the invaders.
09/29 Fri. Poland is partitioned by Germany and Russia.
10/02 Mon. Act of Panama is approved by Conference of Foreign Ministers
of American Republics meeting in Panama City. A neutrality
zone some 300 miles in breadth is to be patrolled by the
United States Navy.
Germany notifies the United States that merchant vessels must
submit to visit and search.
10/05 Thu. Hawaiian Detachment of United States Fleet is formed under
Commander Scouting Force (Vice Adm. A. Andrews).
10/09 Mon. German armored cruiser DEUTSCHLAND seizes United States
freighter CITY OF FLINT as contraband carrier, en route from
New York to United Kingdom.
11/04 Sat. Neutrality Act of 1939 becomes law. This act repeals the
arms embargo and substitutes a policy of "cash and carry";
prohibits United States vessels and citizens from entering
combat zones; establishes the National Munitions Control
composed of the Secretaries of States, Treasury, War, Navy,
President declares area around British Isles a combat zone.
11/28 Tue. Russia denounces 1932 Non-Aggression Pact with Finland.
11/30 Thu. Russian forces invade Finland.
12/17 Sun. German armored cruiser ADMIRAL GRAF SPEE is scuttled off
12/19 Tue. German passenger liner COLUMBUS is scuttled about 450 miles
east of Cape May, N. J., when intercepted by British
12/27 Wed. United States protests British seizure of mail en route to